Stanley Krippner, Ph.D., professor of psychology at Saybrook University, is a Fellow in five APA divisions, and past-president of two divisions (30 and 32). Formerly, he was director of the Kent State University Child Study Center, Kent OH, and the Maimonides Medical Center Dream Research Laboratory, in Brooklyn NY. He is co-author of Extraordinary Dreams (SUNY, 2002), The Mythic Path, 3rd ed. (Energy Psychology Press, 2006), and Haunted by Combat: Understanding PTSD in War Veterans (Greenwood, 2007), and co-editor of Healing Tales (Puente, 2007), Healing Stories (Puente, 2007), The Psychological Impact of War on Civilians: An International Perspective (Greenwood, 2003), Varieties of Anomalous Experience: Examining the Scientific Evidence (APA, 2000), and many other books.
Stanley Krippner, Ph.D.
IRVA 2018 – Remote Viewing of Concealed Target Pictures Under Light and Dark Conditions
The belief that darkness plays a facilitating role in putative remote viewing and other psi-related phenomena is well established in esoteric and traditional beliefs. However, the role of darkness in RV success is unclear beyond these esoteric explanations. This study explored the differential effect of darkness/light on purported remote viewing ability alongside the effect of time and their potential interaction. From an initial sample of twenty, seven remote viewing claimants contributed a total of nineteen sessions each (nine light/ ten dark) which utilised randomized target selection, free-response descriptions, and ratings by both participants and an independent judge. The usable data gave the edge to dark condition performance; the difference was not statistically significant. On the whole, participants who left the study early reported they did not find the target pictures “engaging,” “interesting,” or “emotionally involving”. This led to exploratory post-hoc analyses concerning the numinosity of target images, to determine if this characteristic is associated with success. For the numinosity ratings of target images, a mean difference of 11.24, 95% CI [.12, 22.3] was shown as significant, with the target images of participant ‘hit’ sessions containing higher numinosity ratings than unsuccessful ‘miss’ sessions (t (11.47) = 2.22, p (1-tailed) = .024) with a large effect size (d = 1.02, [.01, 1.99]). To our knowledge, this analysis is the first attempt to evaluate target numinosity on remote viewing success, with these findings having implications for the selection of target material for future remote viewing research.